Something People Ought to Know

Discussion in 'Organics' started by mccumcumber, Jan 9, 2012.

  1.  
    mccumcumber

    mccumcumber Well-Known Member

    I've seen a whole bunch of threads on here about people complaining that their organic nutes just aren't cutting it, their plant is showing lots of micronute deficiencies, etc etc.

    What people need to understand is that when they grow "organic" it is a process. I'll explain how plants get nutrition from the soil, and then it will become pretty damn obvious why your plants aren't really getting the "love" that they need.

    First thing is first, when you just dump a bunch of organic matter into a pot you aren't doing shit. Well actually, more often than not all you're adding is shit, but anyway... The whole way that organics work is a process. Once you have organic matter in an area you will attract tiny little bugs that can eat that matter. After they start chowing down, their predators, more tiny bugs, are attracted to the same area. These predators start to eat away at the bugs and the bugs, either through deification or death, exude nutrition into the soil that plants can eat. Plants CANNOT eat organic matter as it is.

    What do we know about bacteria and fungi (the tiny bugs)? That their presence and growth is exponential. What does this mean? It means that you will start with 1-100 little critters eating your stuff, and, after a while, you'll end up with millions. You obviously won't have very much nutrition coming from 1-100 little critters, but you will have a sufficient amount coming from millions-billions. This is why soil recipes call for you to WAIT. Just look at subcool's recipe. He says you ought to wait a month, at that point your soil will be full of nutrition and ready to support some plant life.

    How exactly are nutrients absorbed through the rhizosphere? The rhizosphere refers to the area around the roots of a plant. Your roots are covered with hydrogen, a cation, which they exchange for other cations as well as attract anions. This is basic chemistry. Obviously if you just put a bunch of organic matter in your pot then the microbes will not have a chance to exude any cations or anions, thus the roots will have nothing to exchange for their hydrogen. If the clay and humus (sand is too large to carry anions or cations) in your soil has a sufficient amount of nutrition then it will exchange its cations for the hydrogen on the roots. This is how the plant gets it nutrients. The rate at which a plant can absorb nutrition is referred to as its CEC (cation exchange rate). The higher it is, the more nutrition your plant can absorb. However their is a limit to a good thing. You don't want your CEC to get too high because that will make it so your roots cannot get sufficient oxygen and/or water and your soil will also have very poor drainage. Balance is the key to a good soil as it is the key to good growing.

    The way salt based nutrients (chemical ferts) give your plant nutrition is by skipping the whole process of microbes exuding food and going straight to the roots. Obviously what is not used by the plant is then left in your soil and acts as a build up that can be used later. Most of the time this salt build up is unwanted though and that's why flushing became common practice. Chemical ferts provide immediate, and most of the time, good results. However, the salt based nutrition coming from your chemical ferts results in the death of your microbes. Your soil will no longer be able to provide nutrition to your plants and you will rely solely on ferts to feed your plant. That's why as time goes on you need to add more and more ferts to your grow. There is nothing wrong with this at all, but if you plan on going the route of chemical ferts, don't waste your time with a soil recipe and "organic nutrition."

    When adding nutrients remember that their needs to be a balance. This goes back to the anion and cation discussion. Calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, ammonium and hydrogen are cations. While chloride, sulfate, nitrate, and phosphate are anions. Remember that cations hang out in the soil, thus the anions must be repelled (again basic chemistry here). What does this mean? When adding nutrition realize that the anions that are not immediately absorbed will be repelled out of your soil solution. If the soil is in a contained area then they will form a cluster of their own away from your clay and humus. This will call for a flush to get rid of them. This is also why you should be careful what nutrition you buy. I've literally seen 0-50-0 in a hydro store before. I literally asked the worker if he was fucking kidding me with that useless nute and he said though he highly suggests against it, many people buy it because they read that phosphorous makes bigger buds. Though P does help out your flowers, all 0-50-0 will do is cause huge fucking problems. In a balanced recipe all the nutrition will be used and you will not experience nute burn. If you are getting nute burn, rethink about what nutes you are using and find a more balanced recipe.

    Hope this helps clear up some confusion. If you would like to read more about the topic of organic gardening and nutrition, Teaming with Microbes is your book. Literally everything I covered here is covered in the first two chapters of that book. There is so much more great info in there, and if you can't afford it, it is available on btjunkie as well as other torrenting sites! Good growing and have a good day!

    Edit: Well it looks like you guys enjoyed the info so time to add a little more about nutrition uptake.

    Fungi and Bacteria are the two primary "workers" for providing nutrition to your plant. Fungi, though much smaller than bacteria individually, form long sort of "tunnels" from your plant's rhizosphere to nutrition found in nearby soil. Fungi are special in that they can break down "harder" materials and bring nutrition through their tunneling systems. They then either keep the nutrients until they die and then exude the nutrition into back into the soil in a plant or bacterial edible form. As said before, fungi break down hard materials, like bones, phosphorous, copper, zinc, etc. As you can probably now tell, fungi are very important. It is also important to note that the best defense against harmful fungi is beneficial fungi. Beneficial fungi out compete harmful fungi every time.

    What are harmful fungi? Harmful fungi cause diseases on your plant. They do this by getting their nutrition off of your plant without exchanging anything for the nutrition. This could cause a wide variety of diseases such as root rot, plant yellowing, and other sad looking signs. That is why when you see a problem with your plant people immediately think "deficiency." And it is true, however, the reason is because there is not enough nutrition in your soil for the beneficial fungi to out compete the harmful fungi. That is why having a balanced, sufficient, amount of nutrition will always result in a good looking plant. If the nutrition is there, beneficial fungi out compete harmful fungi every time.

    What exactly do bacteria do then? Well, bacteria don't move very far during their life times and they also do not form tunnels. They also don't really break down hard material, so they provide the service of breaking down the softer materials in soil for your plants. Bacteria also store nutrition that would otherwise be lost in soil due to leeching, so they got that going for them too. Also, as a part of the metabolic system of bacteria, they release CO2, this then gets absorbed by the plant via photosynthesis and process continues. The same info about beneficial and harmful fungi is true about bacteria as well.

    The two different types of nitrogen ought to be mentioned to provide some additional understanding of nutrition. Fungi absorb a cation form of nitrogen (ammonium, NH4) while bacteria turn that ammonium into an anion version of nitrogen (nitrate, NO3) b/c of a special bacteria called nitrosomonas. MJ plants prefer NO3 and therefor prefer more bacteria in their soil then tress and shrubs, which prefer NH4. The preferred ratio of bacteria:fungi in most annuals is actually 1:1. It is super convenient that this is true because a balance of bacteria and fungi will keep your ph in the exact middle of the spectrum, 6-7, which turns out is perfect for mj grown in soil! It's almost as if the weed plant evolved this way to adapt to the fungus and bacteria that existed in the soil before its creation.

    What should be noted is that fungi and bacteria don't just magically appear, they form as a result of your plant's exudates. That is really important to understand in organic gardening. There is always a balance, and you need to respect that balance. Don't look for quick fixes and miracle solutions in organic gardening, it just won't happen. Be patient and good things will happen. I hope this helps y'all understand some more basics about nutrition.
     
  2.  
    malignant

    malignant Well-Known Member

    this is a great post, keep adding more on overlooked areas of organic grows. this needs to be a sticky for this section.
     
  3.  
    Izoc666

    Izoc666 Well-Known Member

    good info !! +rep for ya :D

    666
     
  4.  
    Snafu1236

    Snafu1236 Well-Known Member

    Good post! I am glad to see a reference to Teaming!

    I wrote a Organic book thread post a few weeks back, hoping it would go sticky because of the valuable info listed in there(teaming was obv at the top!)...how does a post go sticky? especially so fast?

    +rep on a nice post, and keep preaching people to read TEAMING WITH MICROBES....one of the best soil food web discuissions on paper I have read...ever!
     
  5.  
    personified

    personified Active Member

    You should look at your entire grow as a symbiotic relationship from nutes to pest control and environment. Nature is a balancing act the pagens worshiped and the ying and yang of the tao.

    x and y must always equal z or the equation will fall apart.
     
    Nugachino, Cannacat and Elvis1 like this.
  6.  
    Jack Harer

    Jack Harer Well-Known Member

    For the most part, that post was outstanding!!! Very good info and well presented.
     
    coolupdscene likes this.
  7.  
    mccumcumber

    mccumcumber Well-Known Member

    Thank you all for the positive reviews!
    Well they are all connected, a diverse and plentiful bacteria presence in your soil will result in bacteria out competing all of the harmful pathogens eliminating most of your pests. There are little buggers that will start chowin down on your plant, but they have their predators. Trichogramma Wasps, lady bugs, and dragon flies are amongst some of the little creatures that will kill off bugs eating your stuff, while leaving your plant alone.

    Edit: I just saw your aquaponics post very nice stuff! I have been wanting to get into aquaponics for some time now. I'm thinking of doing mine in a greenhouse, just saving up for the right materials and what not.

    I'll read some more info on this section and see what I can add. I was thinking about adding in something about bacteria and fungi in the near future.
     
    coolupdscene and hydranthead like this.
  8.  
    MalcolmMustang

    MalcolmMustang Well-Known Member

    is neemcake bad for your soil web? I know that neem is a fungicide and mycorrhizae are fungi. I was thinking of amending with neem cake this time around because of gnats.
     
    Nugachino likes this.
  9.  
    NightbirdX

    NightbirdX Well-Known Member

    That was a quick sticky, and a quick, but informative, read. :)
     
    GoRealUhGro likes this.
  10.  
    Monkeymonk840

    Monkeymonk840 Active Member

    Advanced nutes has a grow cd and it's about organics and beneficials and the relationship and also preparation of soils. I learned a lot from that.
     
  11.  
    mccumcumber

    mccumcumber Well-Known Member

    I personally would use lady bugs or dragon flies over neem oil. You can buy lady bugs at most if not all organic sores.

    If you only have access to neem don't worry too much, it will kill some of your microbiology, but not too significant of an amount.
     
    bigbo420 likes this.
  12.  
    MalcolmMustang

    MalcolmMustang Well-Known Member

    Oh I know that neem oil should be used sparingly. What I said was Neemcake. It is used as a soil amendment before planting. Provides nitrogen for the plant + protection from bugs. You can find it here. http://www.neemresource.com/NeemCake.html
     
  13.  
    mccumcumber

    mccumcumber Well-Known Member

    The adds about make it seem like its a pretty cool product. The Azadirachtin content doesn't seem high enough to kill off significant fungi unless abused, so I think you should to be good there. The slow release nitrogen means that there is probably a decent amount of salt in it so again I'd be careful about how much you apply. I would like to see the results of it, looks like a potentially beneficial product from what I can tell.
     
  14.  
    MTmed

    MTmed Member

    Neem cake is safe. Used in the Matt Rize veganic program.
     
    Nugachino likes this.
  15.  
    ottawaliquid

    ottawaliquid Active Member

    Just got Teaming with Microbes yesterday in the mail and read the first two chapters.. good stuff.. looking forward to the rest of the book and applying it to my indoor growing and my outdoor garden in the spring.
     
    Nugachino and MeJuana like this.
  16.  
    shnazul23

    shnazul23 Well-Known Member

    This was great info thank you for your knowledge I will use this wisely
     
  17.  
    tomcatjones

    tomcatjones Active Member

    the neem cake in the soil isnt to kill what is already there but the ward off future pests
     
  18.  
    nitrofish

    nitrofish Member

    neem cake meal, karanja cake meal, crab shell meal........good pest control..........
     
    mucha_mota likes this.
  19.  
    unohu69

    unohu69 Well-Known Member

    I have a pdf of teaming with microbes. ill have to break it open again, short term memory loss an all ya know....
     
    Nugachino likes this.
  20.  
    Jack Harer

    Jack Harer Well-Known Member

    Where did you get that PDF, if you don't mind sharing??? That would be a triple plus rep for sharing!!!
     
    Nugachino likes this.

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